Congress Passes New and Additional Support For Health Care Providers, Patients, COVID-19 Mitigation and Vaccination

Updated December 28, 2020

On Sunday, December 27, President Trump signed into law a $900 billion stimulus package that was enacted by Congress on a bipartisan basis on December 21. President Trump’s signature ensures that relief money will begin flowing to Americans at a time when COVID-19 cases are on the rise. The measure includes support for American health care providers and patients impacted by COVID-19, and additional funding for COVID-19 mitigation and vaccination.

The complete stimulus package contains a significant number of health care measures. The following is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all these measures, but rather a highlight of those that we feel may be of particular importance or interest to our clients. 

Support for Providers and Hospitals
  • Provides $3 billion to the Provider Relief Fund, a source of funding to health care service providers who have lost revenue due to COVID-19; allows the federal Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to distribute 85% of the grants through a process that will prioritize, among other things, a provider’s financial loss.
  • Changes how providers calculate revenue loss for purposes of applying for provider relief grants in an effort to reflect more accurate revenue losses for providers and hospitals; allows hospitals to calculate lost revenue based on their budgeted revenue, as long as a budget was in place by March 27, 2020.
  • Delays implementation of parts of the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (specifically, the GPC1X) to mitigate the impact of cuts to certain health care providers.
  • Provides a 3.75% boost to all health care providers to offset the impact of the final implementation of the complete Medicare Physician Fee Schedule.
  • Suspends for another three months the 2% Medicare payment cut that was required under sequestration and scheduled to take effect on December 31, 2020.
  • Delays planned cuts to Medicaid disproportionate-share hospital (DSH) payments through fiscal year 2023, a provision that will help hospitals that service a high number of Medicaid patients. 
Ending Surprise Medical Billing, Increasing Transparency in Provider Quality, Cost Data
  • Enacts the “No Surprises Act” to include a provision to end surprise medical billing, the circumstance in which a patient is treated out-of-network, leading to unanticipated costs for the health care services; requires providers and insurers to negotiate an agreement, with binding arbitration available if an agreement cannot be reached.
  • Prohibits gag clauses in contracts between providers and payers, allowing individuals, including patients and referring providers, to see cost and quality data on providers.
  • Makes changes to clarify aspects of the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) review of biosimilars and orphan drugs.
  • Provides increased transparency around biologic patents by codifying and updating the “Purple Book” maintained by the FDA.
Support for COVID-19 Mitigation and Vaccination
  • Provides $20 billion to fund free vaccinations for all Americans; also provides $8 billion to facilitate an effective and efficient vaccination process.
  • Provides $22 billion to states for help with testing, tracing, and other COVID-19 mitigation efforts.

For questions on the health care aspects of the stimulus package, please contact Andrea Cianchette MakerAnn RobinsonNewell Augur, or Elizabeth Frazier.