Sarah advises energy generation facilities, large commercial energy users, and utilities with respect to state and federal energy regulatory issues throughout New England.

Sarah assists owners of utility scale and distributed energy generation facilities and off-takers negotiate key energy agreements, including power purchase agreements, net energy billing agreements, renewable energy credit purchase and sale agreements, natural gas supply agreements and firm gas transportation agreements. She also represents investors and purchasers of energy generation portfolios in conducting state and federal energy regulatory due diligence and advises them on interconnection and ISO-NE issues.

Sarah represents clients before public utilities commissions in rulemakings and regulatory compliance matters, and assists utilities to obtain approvals for energy infrastructure projects, rate increases, and authorizations to enter into mergers and affiliate transactions.

Prior to joining Pierce Atwood, Sarah was a staff attorney with the Maine Public Utilities Commission (MPUC) in the Legal and the Electricity and Gas Division. This experience provides her with unique insight into the perspectives of energy regulators, which she balances with a deep understanding of the business realities faced by her clients.

Before she joined the MPUC, Sarah was a shareholder in the Energy and Environmental Practice Group at Bernstein Shur, an attorney in the Litigation Practice Group at Holland & Knight LLP in Boston, Massachusetts, and a law clerk to the Honorable Donald G. Alexander of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.

Honors & Distinctions

  • Recognized by Chambers USA for Energy & Natural Resources Law
  • Listed since 2019 in The Best Lawyers in America® for Administrative/Regulatory Law
  • Rated AV Preeminent® by Martindale-Hubbell
  • Named a “Rising Star" by New England Super Lawyers in 2009, 2010, 2014 and 2015

Professional Activities

  • Member, Energy Working Group of the Maine Climate Council (September 2019-present)
  • Member of the Board of Directors of Environmental & Energy Technology Council of Maine (E2Tech) (2017-present)
  • Chair, Program Committee, E2Tech, 2017-present (Program Committee Member, 2016-present)
  • Moderator, “Power Generation” Panel, Maine Natural Gas Conference (October 3, 2019)
  • Moderator, “Electric Vehicles in Maine,” E2Tech (March 21, 2019)
  • Moderator, “The Northeast’s Demand for Clean Energy Policymakers” Panel, Pierce Atwood Energy Infrastructure Symposium (October 4, 2018)
  • Moderator, “LNG Imports and Exports” Panel, Natural Gas: Focus on the Future Conference (October 18, 2018)
  • Moderator, Maine Energy and Environmental Policy Outlook, E2Tech (January 25, 2018)
  • Presenter, Natural Gas: Powering Maine’s Future Conference (September 28, 2017)
  • Moderator, State of the Energy Sector - State Perspective Panel, E2Tech Expo (November 17, 2016)

Civic Activities

  • Freeport Town Councilor, March 2013-present; Town Council Chair, December 2016-December 2019; Chair, Freeport Ordinance Committee, 2015-2017
  • Steering Committee, Tri-Town Track and Field Project, 2015-2019
  • Freeport Community Services, White Nights Fundraising Committee, 2004-2013
  • Wolfe’s Neck Farm Foundation Board of Directors, 2004-2010

Practice Areas

Representative Experience

  • Ongoing representation of large commercial and institutional customers in negotiation of net energy billing agreements with distributed solar generation facilities.
  • Assist solar developers in interpreting state statutes and regulations regarding net energy billing and distributed generation procurement processes, and developing projects to maximize opportunities under this regulatory framework.
  • Assist clients to conduct due diligence on distributed solar generation assets in Maine, including evaluation of whether the projects have all appropriate and required federal and state energy regulatory approvals and comply with ISO-NE procedures.
  • Represented a private secondary school in New Hampshire with negotiating a power purchase agreement and long-term lease for the development of a solar energy facility on the school’s property.
  • Assisted Central Maine Power Company in obtaining MPUC petition for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN) for a 200+ mile HVDC transmission line and associated AC upgrades and opposing appeal of the CPCN at the Maine Law Court.
  • Conducted due diligence on behalf of I.W. Holdings Corporation in connection with a significant tax equity investment in a wind farm located in the State of Maine.
  • Represented an industrial mill regarding interconnection agreements for its generating facilities, agreements related to demand response services and advice regarding transmission tariff charges by the local electric utility.
  • Represented a local natural gas utility to obtain MPUC approval of the utility’s first long-term contract for firm upstream transportation capacity to significantly increase reliability of supply and generate annual cost of gas savings for customers (MPUC Docket No. 2015-00063).
  • Represented a natural gas LDC and an electric T&D utility in a precedent setting proceeding before the MPUC regarding state-sponsored procurement of natural gas capacity for the purpose of lowering electricity prices through the expansion of natural gas pipelines (MPUC Docket No. 2014-00071).
  • Assisted a community-based renewable energy facility to obtain a larger long-term contract for the energy output from the facility.

Representative Experience

  • Assisted BlackRock, Inc. and its subsidiary First Reserve Energy Infrastructure GP II Limited, to conduct due diligence regarding First Reserve’s acquisition of Gas Natural, Inc., the parent company of Bangor Natural Gas Company (Bangor Gas).  Sarah subsequently obtained MPUC approval of the acquisition by negotiating a settlement agreement resolving all issues pertaining to the proposed merger.  
  • Represented Consolidated Communications Holdings, Inc. in obtaining MPUC approval of Consolidated’s acquisition of FairPoint Communications, Inc.  The all-stock transaction was valued at approximately $1.3 billion including debt and based on present equity value.  Sarah assisted Consolidated in obtaining support for approval of merger from all interested parties (with the exception of the employee unions who ultimately did not oppose the settlement).  
  • Ongoing representation of a wind energy generation facility to negotiate a purchase and sale agreements for renewable energy credits.
  • Ongoing negotiation of natural gas supply and natural gas delivery special rate agreements with the local gas utility on behalf of a large commercial intensive energy user.
  • Represented a local natural gas utility in its first distribution rate increase request based upon cost of service ratemaking, which involved issues related to prudency of expansion investments and rate design.  The case resulted in a 34.6% revenue increase in the utility’s largest service territory (MPUC Docket No. 2015-00005).
  • Represented Maine’s largest electric transmission and distribution (T&D) utility in a rate increase proceeding before the MPUC resulting in a distribution revenue requirement increase of $24.257 million (MPUC Docket No. 2013-00168).
  • Negotiated a complex long-term electricity supply agreement with major energy supply company involving electricity supply and hedging provisions on behalf of an industrial customer.
  • Conducted due diligence regarding energy agreements and regulatory authorizations in the acquisition of retail energy suppliers.
  • Assisted industrial customers and generation facilities with state energy regulatory compliance, ISO-NE membership applications, and other regional transmission organization compliance matters.
  • Advised retail electricity suppliers regarding regulatory compliance issues for all New England states related to licensure, customer acquisition, and sale of electricity supply business.
  • Advised large commercial property owner regarding agreements with condominium associations for water and sewer services.