Class Action Litigation Related to COVID-19: Filed and Anticipated Cases

Last updated May 27, 2020

Although the COVID-19 pandemic is still unfolding, class actions related to the coronavirus have already arrived and are on the rise. Despite unprecedented court closures and changing procedural rules, COVID-19 class actions have steadily increased and are expected to expand across industries, jurisdictions, and areas of law. The impact of COVID-19 on business operations, consumer activity, and economic forecasts has made clear that the filings to date are only an early indication of what is to come.

The following is a categorized summary of coronavirus-related class action litigation filed to date, highlighting the core allegations of each complaint. We also note where no recently filed actions have been identified, but we anticipate significant litigation.

We will be updating this list as new class action cases are filed. For more information on class action litigation related to COVID-19, please contact the attorneys in Pierce Atwood’s Class Action Defense group. Other guidance and information related to the COVID-19 pandemic is available on the firm’s directory of COVID-19 resources.

Banking and Debt Collection

Banks and financial institutions are facing class action litigation aimed at preventing foreclosures and suspending debt collection. These businesses may also encounter class action litigation from commercial clients based on their role in providing access to government relief under the CARES Act and other legislation.

CARES/PPP

Cases filed to date against banks concerning their administration of loans under the CARES Act Payroll Protection Program seeking monetary damages and injunctive and declaratory relief include:

  • Panda Accounting LLC v. Academy Bank, N.A., No. 20-cv-00985 (D. Ariz. May 20, 2020);
  • Smukler v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., No. 20-cv-03413 (N.D. Cal. May 20, 2020); VR Consultants, Inc. v. JP Morgan Chase & Co., No. 20-cv-06110 (D.N.J. May 20, 2020); KPA Promotions & Awards, Inc. v. JPMorgan Chase & Co., No. 20-cv-03910 (S.D.N.Y. May 19, 2020); Impacct, LLC v. JPMorgan Chase & Co., No. 20-cv-01344 (D. Colo. May 12, 2020); TDD Dallas LLC v. JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., No. DC-20-06259 (Tex. Dist. Ct. Apr. 30, 2020); Sha-Poppin Gourmet Popcorn LLC v. JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., No. 1:20-cv-02523 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 24, 2020); Hyde-Edwards Salon & Spa v. JPMorgan Chase & Co., No. 20-cv-00762 (S.D. Cal. Apr. 22, 2020);
  • Hallockshannon, PC v. Citizens & Northern Corp., No. 20-cv-00714 (W.D. Pa. May 15, 2020);
  • Alliant CPA Group, LLC v. Bank of America, No. 20-cv-02026 (N.D. Ga. May 11, 2020);
  • Zamora-Orduna Realty Group, LLC v. BBVA USA, No. 20-cv-00579 (W.D. Tex. May 11, 2020);
  • Panda Group, PC v. Bank of America Corp., No. 20-cv-00045 (D. Utah May 11, 2020);  Studio 1220, Inc. v. Bank of America, N.A., No. 20-cv-03081 (N.D. Cal. May 5, 2020); Profiles, Inc. v. Bank of America Corp., No. 1:20-cv-00894 (D. Md. Apr. 3, 2020);
  • Brunner Accounting Group v. SVB Financial Group, No. 20-cv-04235 (C.D. Cal. May 8, 2020);
  • Marselian v. Wells Fargo & Co., No. 20-cv-03166 (N.D. Cal. May 8, 2020);
  • Byrnes v. Fountainhead Commercial Capital, LLC, No. 20-cv-04149 (C.D. Cal. May 6, 2020);
  • Bookmyer v. PNC Bank, N.A., No. 20-cv-02284 (S.D. Ohio May 5, 2020);
  • In re JP Morgan Chase Paycheck Protection Plan Litigation, MDL No. 2944 (May 1, 2020);
  • Am. Video Duplicating, Inc. v. Royal Bank of Canada, No. 2:20-cv-04036 (C.D. Cal. May 1, 2020);
  • A.D. Sims, LLC v. Wintrust Financial Corp., No. 20-cv-02644 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 30, 2020);
  • Lowry v. U.S. Bancorp., No. 1:20-cv-00348 (S.D. Ohio Apr. 30, 2020); Ryan M. Kull Licensed Clinical Social Work LLC v. Chase Bank USA, N.A., No. 1:20-cv-03138 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Leigh, King, Norton & Underwood, LLC v. Regions Financial Corp., No. 2:20-cv-00591 (N.D. Ala. Apr. 28, 2020);
  • Lincoln Network, Inc. v. PNC Financial Services Group, Inc., No. 20-cv-02824 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Kennard Law, P.C. v. Frost Bank, No. 2020-24432 (Tex. Dist. Ct. Apr. 18, 2020);
  • Scherer v. Frost Bank, No. 4:20-cv-01297 (S.D. Tex. Apr. 12, 2020); Scherer v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., No. 4:20-cv-01295 (S.D. Tex. Apr. 11, 2020).

Debt Relief

Cases filed to date against financial institutions seeking the suspension of loan repayment, debt collection, and foreclosure include:

  • Sass v. Great Lakes Educational Loan Services, Inc., No. 20-cv-03424 (N.D. Cal. May 20, 2020) (alleging that loan servicers and credit reporting agencies inaccurately reported information regarding loans that were suspended by the CARES Act);
  • Oksenendler v. Northstar Education Finance, Inc., No. 20-cv-00805 (D. Minn. Mar. 26, 2020) (seeks suspension of a student loan repayment program based on changed conditions);
  • Shuff v. Bank of America, No. 5:20-cv-00184 (S.D. W. Va. Mar. 16, 2020) (seeks an injunction to temporarily suspend foreclosure actions).

Education

Educational programs and institutions, in particular colleges and universities, are facing class action claims by students related to campus closures, access to resources, and future operations. Cases filed to date against educational institutions seeking the refund of university tuition, room, board, and other fees paid by students based on breach of contract and other theories include:

  • Ramey v. Pennsylvania State University, No. 20-cv-00753 (W.D. Penn. May 26, 2020); Thomson v. Pennsylvania State University, No. 20-cv-00725 (M.D. Pa. Apr. 30, 2020);
  • Chapusette v. Touro College and University System, No. 20-cv-04018 (S.D.N.Y. May 22, 2020)
  • Hannibal-Fisher v. Grand Canyon University, No. 20-cv-01007 (D. Ariz. May 22, 2020); Little v. Grand Canyon University, No. 20-cv-00795 (D. Ariz. Apr. 24, 2020);
  • Thiele v. Illinois State University, No. 20-cv-01197 (C.D. Ill. May 21, 2020);
  • Durbeck v. Suffolk University, No. 20-cv-10985 (D. Mass. May 21, 2020);
  • Doe v. Georgetown University, No. 20-cv-01370 (D.D.C. May 21, 2020); Student A v. Georgetown University, No. 20-cv-05937 (D.N.J. May 15, 2020);
  • Simmons-Telep v. Roger Williams University, No. 20-cv-00226 (D.R.I. May 21, 2020);
  • Hernandez v. Illinois Institute of Technology, No. 20-cv-03010 (N.D. Ill. May 20, 2020);
  • Doe v. Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, No. MDL-L-003039-20 (N.J. Super. Ct. May 20, 2020);
  • Kincheloe v. University of Chicago, No. 20-cv-03015 (N.D. Ill. May 20, 2020);
  • Student A v. Harvard University, No. 20-cv-10968 (D. Mass. May 20, 2020);
  • Coffman v. California University of Pennsylvania, No. 20-cv-00733 (W.D. Pa. May 20, 2020);
  • Legge v. University of San Francisco, No. 20-cv-03406 (N.D. Cal. May 19, 2020);
  • Awlia v. Southern New Hampshire University, No. 20-cv-00609 (D.N.H. May 19, 2020);
  • Mycek v. Rochester Institute of Technology, No. 20-cv-06324 (W.D.N.Y. May 19, 2020); Bergeron v. Rochester Institute of Technology, No. 20-cv-06283 (W.D.N.Y. May 1, 2020);
  • Bahrani v. Northeastern University, No. 20-cv-10946 (D. Mass. May 18, 2020); Satam v. Northeastern University, No. 20-cv-10915 (D. Mass. May 13, 2020); Chong v. Northeastern University, No. 20-cv-10844 (D. Mass. May 1, 2020);
  • Doval v. Fairleigh Dickinson University, No. 20-cv-06010 (D.N.J. May 18, 2020);
  • Bolland v. Seattle Pacific University, No. 20-cv-00741 (W.D. Wash. May 18, 2020);
  • Jones v. Carrington College, Inc., No. 20-cv-00989 (E.D. Cal. May 15, 2020);
  • Amable v. The New School, No. 20-cv-03811 (S.D.N.Y. May 15, 2020);
  • Pfingsten v. Carnegie Mellon University, No. 20-cv-716 (W.D. Penn. May 15, 2020);
  • Fiore v. The University of Tampa, No. 20-cv-03744 (S.D.N.Y. May 14, 2020);
  • Soriano v. University of New Haven, No. 20-cv-00662 (D. Conn. May 13, 2020);
  • Silulu v. Trustees of Boston University, No. 20-cv-10915 (D. Mass. May 13, 2020); Bornstein v. Trustees of Boston University, No. 2084-cv-00962 (Mass. Super. Ct. May 5, 2020); Tran v. Boston University, No. 20-cv-03088 (N.D. Cal. May 5, 2020); Cox v. Trustees of Boston University, No. 1:20-cv-10834 (D. Mass. Apr. 30, 2020); Dutra v. Trustees of Boston University, No. 1:20-cv-10827 (D. Mass. Apr. 29, 2020);
  • Shoham v. Loyola Marymount University, No. 20-cv-04329 (C.D. Cal. May 13, 2020);
  • Student A v. Wagner College, No. 20-cv-02170 (E.D.N.Y. May 13, 2020);
  • Lee v. Regents of the University of California, No. 20-cv-03241 (N.D. Cal. May 12, 2020);
  • Chavez v. DePaul University, No. 20-cv-02865 (N.D. Ill. May 12, 2020); Ritter v. Regents of the University of California, No. 20-cv-02925 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 28, 2020); Brandmeyer v. Regents of the University of California, No. 20-cv-2886 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 27, 2020);
  • Raimo v. Washington University in St. Louis, No. 20-cv-00634 (E.D. Mo. May 12, 2020);
  • Alexander v. Johnson & Wales University, No. 20-cv-01092 (M.D. Fla. May 11, 2020);
  • Egleston v. University of Florida Board of Trustees, No. 20-cv-00106 (N.D. Fla. May 11, 2020);
  • Saroya v. University of the Pacific, No. 20-cv-03196 (N.D. Cal. May 10, 2020);
  • Klein v. Parker University, No. 20-cv-03194 (N.D. Cal. May 9, 2020);
  • DeMasi v. Emory University, No. 20-cv-02002 (N.D. Ga. May 8, 2020);
  • Mitelberg v. Stevens Institute of Technology, No. 20-cv-05748 (D.N.J. May 8, 2020);
  • Patel v. St. John’s University, No. 20-cv-02114 (E.D.N.Y. May 8, 2020);
  • Zagoria v. New York University, No. 20-cv-03610 (S.D.N.Y. May 8, 2020); Rynasko v. New York University, No. 20-cv-03250 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 24, 2020);
  • Hickey v. University of Pittsburgh, No. 20-cv-00690 (W.D. Pa. May 8, 2020);
  • Fedele v. Marist College, No. 20-cv-03559 (S.D.N.Y. May 7, 2020);
  • Thomas v. Mercy College; No. 20-cv-03584 (S.D.N.Y. May 7, 2020);
  • Hotter v. Quinnipiac University, No. 20-cv-05592 (D.N.J. May 6, 2020);
  • Quiroz v. Rider University, No. 20-cv-05620 (D.N.J. May 6, 2020);
  • Spiegel v. Indiana University, No. 53C06-2005-CT-000771 (Cir. Ct. Monroe Cty., Ind., May 6, 2020);
  • Doe v. University of Southern California, No. 20-cv-04172 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 7, 2020); Watson v. University of Southern California, No. 20-cv-04107 (C.D. Cal. May 5, 2020); Diaz v. University of Southern California, No. 20-cv-4066 (C.D. Cal. May 4, 2020);
  • Lawson v. Pennsylvania College of Technology, No. 20-cv-00736 (M.D. Pa. May 5, 2020);
  • Ryan v. Temple University, No. 20-cv-02164 (E.D. Pa. May 5, 2020);
  • Schoening v. Seton Hall University, No. 20-cv-05566 (D.N.J. May 5, 2020);
  • Pinkney v. State University of New York, No. 20-cv-02048 (E.D.N.Y. May 5, 2020);
  • Arif v. American University, No. 20-cv-60902 (S.D. Fla. May 4, 2020); Qureshi v. American University, No. 20-cv-01141 (D.D.C. May 1, 2020);
  • Fittipaldi v. Monmouth University, No. 20-cv-05526 (D.N.J. May 4, 2020);
  • Paris v. University of Connecticut, No. 20-cv-02018 (E.D.N.Y. May 4, 2020);
  • Deecher v. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, No. 20-cv-00498 (N.D.N.Y. May 4, 2020);
  • Rojas v. Florida Board of Governors Foundation, Inc., No. 2020-CA-000846 (Fla. Circ. Ct. May 4, 2020);
  • Mebrahtu v. Manchester University, No. 20-cv-05457 (D.N.J. May 1, 2020);
  • Hewitt v. Pratt Institute, No. 20-cv-2007 (E.D.N.Y. May 1, 2020);
  • Stellato v. Hofstra University, No. 20-cv-01999 (E.D.N.Y. May 1, 2020);
  • Yin v. Syracuse University, No. 20-cv-00494 (N.D.N.Y. May 1, 2020);
  • Rosado v. Barry University, Inc., No. 20-cv-21813 (S.D. Fla. May 1, 2020);
  • Rocchio v. Rutgers, No. 20-cv-05390 (D.N.J. Apr. 30, 2020);
  • Smith v. University of Pennsylvania, No. 20-cv-2086 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 30, 2020);
  • Doe v. Brown University, No. 20-cv-00191 (D.R.I. Apr. 30, 2020);
  • Shak v. Adelphi University, No. 20-cv-01951 (E.D.N.Y. Apr. 28, 2020);
  • Doe v. Vanderbilt University, No. 20-cv-00356 (M.D. Tenn. Apr. 28, 2020); Doe v. Vanderbilt University, No. 20-mc-09999 (M.D. Tenn. Apr. 27, 2020);
  • Rifat v. Board of Trustees of the California State University, No. 20-cv-04421 (C.D. Cal. May 15, 2020); Miller v. Board of Trustees of the California State University, No. 20-cv-03833 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 27, 2020);
  • Dieckhaus v. University of North Carolina System, No. 20-cv-00069 (E.D.N.C. Apr. 27, 2020); McAllister v. University of North Carolina System, No. 20-cv-00078 (E.D.N.C. Apr. 27, 2020); Allen v. University of North Carolina System, No. 20-cv-00254 (W.D.N.C. Apr. 27, 2020); Burnett v. University of North Carolina System, No. 20-cv-00103 (W.D.N.C. Apr. 27, 2020);
  • Friedman v. Drexel University, No. 20-cv-05147 (D.N.J. Apr. 27, 2020); Rickenbaker v. Drexel University, No. 20-cv-1358 (D.S.C. Apr. 8, 2020);
  • Dimitryuk v. University of Miami, No. 20-cv-60851 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 26, 2020);
  • Faber v. Cornell University, No. 20-cv-00471 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 25, 2020); Haynie v. Cornell University, No. 20-cv-00467 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Ford v. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, No. 20-cv-00470 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 25, 2020);
  • Hassan v. Fordham University, No. 20-cv-03265 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 25, 2020);
  • Beck v. Manhattan College, No. 20-cv-03229 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Student A v. Columbia University, No. 20-cv-3208 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 2020); Bennett v. Columbia University, No. 20-cv-3227 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Marbury v. Pace University, No. 20-cv-03210 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Kai v. Western Michigan University, No. 20-000063-MK (Mich. Ct. Claims Apr. 22, 2020);
  • Patel v. University of Vermont, No. 20-cv-00061 (D. Vt. Apr. 21, 2020);
  • Irizarry v. Long Island University, No. 20-cv-03160 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 21, 2020);
  • Burgos v. Pa. State University, No. 20-cv-03143 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Peyton v. Wayne State University, No. 20-000059-MK (Mich. Ct. Claims. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Raftopoulous-Johnson v. Arizona Bd. Of Regents, No. 20-cv-04399 (D.N.J. Apr. 17, 2020);
  • Carpey v. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, No. 20-cv-01064 (D. Colo. Apr. 15, 2020);
  • Student A v. Liberty University, Inc., No. 20-cv-00023 (W.D. Va. Apr. 13, 2020);
  • Kliment v. University of Michigan, No. 20-000056-MK (Mich. Ct. Claims. Apr. 16, 2020);
  • Allen v. Michigan State University, No. 20-000057-MK (Mich. Ct. Claims. Apr. 16, 2020);
  • Church v. Purdue University & Trustees, No. 20-cv-00025 (N.D. Ind. Apr. 9, 2020);
  • Dixon v. Univ. of Miami, No. 20-cv-1348 (D.S.C. Apr. 8, 2020);
  • Rosenkrantz v. Arizona Bd. of Regents, No. 20-cv-00613 (D. Az. Mar. 27, 2020).

Employment

Employers are facing wage and hour, workplace safety, paid leave, WARN Act, ERISA, employee privacy, worker classification, disability accommodation, and discrimination claims. Cases filed to date include:

  • Morales v. Sunrise Meats, Inc., No. 20-cv-61017 (S.D. Fla. May 22, 2020): asserts claims under FLSA and Florida Whistleblower Act for alleged failure to pay wages.
  • Maglana v. Celebrity Cruise Inc., No. 20-cv-221233 (S.D. Fla. May 21, 2020): asserts claims for, inter alia, employment discrimination on the basis of national origin;
  • De La Cruz v. Hometown Buffet, Inc., No. 20-cv-04558 (C.D. Cal. May 21, 2020): asserts claims under WARN Act, FLSA, and California Labor Code for alleged improper termination and alleged failure to pay wages owed and to provide required employee protections;
  • Zhang v. Fortune No. 1 Inc., No. 20 GDCV 00456 (Cal. Super. Ct. May 17, 2020): asserts claims under California Labor Code for alleged failure to pay minimum compensation and provide adequate rest periods;
  • Gomez v. Chamiara, No. 20-cv-02190 (E.D.N.Y. May 14, 2020): asserts claims under Fair Labor Standards Act for alleged failure to pay employees’ minimum compensation.
  • England v. United Airlines, No. 20-cv-02877 (N.D. Ill. May 13, 2020): asserts breach of contract claims on behalf of employees.
  • Green v. Hertz Corp., No. 20-cv-01006 (Apr. 30, 2020): asserts a violation of the WARN Act for failure to provide written notice before termination of employees.
  • Evans v. Dart, 20-cv-02453 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 21, 2020): asserts claims under Fair Labor Standards Act for alleged failure to pay employees’ minimum compensation.
  • Miller v. Creative Hairdressers, Inc., 20-cv-00912 (M.D. Fla. Apr. 20, 2020): asserts claims under Fair Labor Standards Act for alleged failure to pay wages for the two weeks preceding closure of the restaurant.
  • Scott v. Hooters III, Inc., No. 8:20-cv-00882 (M.D. Fla. Apr. 16, 2020): asserts a violation of the WARN Act for failure to provide written notice before termination of employees.
  • Allen v. Tableseide Restaurant Group LLC, No. 8:20-cv-843 (M.D. Fla. Apr. 13, 2020): asserts claims under Fair Labor Standards Act for alleged failure to pay wages for the two weeks preceding closure of the restaurant.
  • Olsen v. Hair Cuttery, No. 1:20-cv-03760 (D.N.J. Apr. 7, 2020): asserts claim under Fair Labor Standards Act for allegedly closing hair salons in the middle of a pay period without payment.
  • Siers v. Velodyne Lidar, No. 5:20-cv-02290 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 3, 2020): asserts claim under WARN Act for allegedly terminating over 140 employees with insufficient notice and using the pandemic as a pretext for layoffs.
  • Alaska State Employees v State of Alaska, No. 20-5652 (Super. Ct. Ak. Mar. 24, 2020): asserts claim for injunctive relief for public employees to reduce health risks.
  • Burr v. Carnival Corp., No. 20-CA-002640 (Fla. Cir. Ct. Mar. 19, 2020): asserts claims by entertainers hired by cruise ships who claim entitlement to full compensation for canceled events.
  • Verhines v. Uber Technology, Inc., No. 20-583684 (Cal. Super. Ct. Mar. 12, 2020): asserts claim for paid sick leave based on worker classification.
  • Rogers v. Lyft, Inc., No. CGC-20-583685 (Cal. Super. Ct. Mar. 12, 2020): claims that Lyft failed to provide adequate paid sick leave, making drivers feel compelled to drive even if sick.

Event Cancellation and Service Disruption

Consumer claims based on the cancellation or disruption of events and services are likely to dominate court dockets in coming months.

Travel Cancellation

Cases filed to date against airlines seeking the refund of payments for cancelled flights based on breach of contract, consumer protection, and other theories include:

  • Subramanyam v. Royal Dutch Airlines, No. 20-cv-11296 (E.D. Mich. May 22, 2020);
  • Jauregui v. China Eastern Airlines Corp. Ltd., No. 20-cv-04552 (C.D. Cal. May 20, 2020);
  • Bugarin v. All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd., No. 20-cv-03341 (N.D. Cal. May 15, 2020);
  • Williams v. Air China Ltd., No. 20-cv-01883 (D.S.C. May 15, 2020);
  • Sweet v. Frontier Airlines, Inc., No. 20-cv-00662 (D. Conn. May 13, 2020); Young v. Frontier Airlines, Inc., No. 20-cv-1152 (D. Colo. Apr. 23, 2020); Obertman v. Frontier Airlines Inc., No. 2:20-cv-00820 (E.D. Cal. Apr. 21, 2020);
  • Maree v. Deutsche Lufthansa AG, No. 20-cv-00885 (C.D. Cal. May 12, 2020); Castanares v. Deutsche Lufthansa AG, No. 20-cv-04261 (C.D. Cal. May 11, 2020);
  • Zawacki v. Swoop, Inc., No. 20-cv-01100 (M.D. Fla. May 12, 2020);
  • Dumitrescu v. Compania Panamena De Aviacion, No. 20-cv-02125 (E.D.N.Y. May 10, 2020);
  • Diaz v. Spirit Airlines, Inc., No. 20-cv-60933 (S.D. Fla. May 8, 2020); Boucher v. Spirit Airlines, Inc., No. 20-cv-60829 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 22, 2020); Manchur v. Spirit Airlines, Inc., No. 20-cv-10771 (D. Mass. Apr. 21, 2020);
  • Reaves v. Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA, No. 20-cv-02121 (E.D.N.Y. May 9, 2020); Daversa-Evdyriadis v. Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA, No. 20-cv-00767 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 13, 2020);
  • Suarez v. Emirates, No. 20-cv-03623 (S.D.N.Y. May 8, 2020);
  • Chaves v. TAP Air Portugal, No. 20-cv-02086 (E.D.N.Y. May 5, 2020);
  • Ide v. British Airways, PLC, No. 20-cv-03542 (S.D.N.Y. May 6, 2020);
  • Fensterer v. Capital One, N.A., No. 20-cv-05558 (D.N.J. May 5, 2020);
  • Vozzolo v. Air Canada, Inc., No. 20-cv-03503 (S.D.N.Y. May 5, 2020); Levu v. Air Canada, Inc., No. 20-cv-00703 (M.D. Fla. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Martinez-Sanchez v. Concesionaria Vuela Compania De Aviacion, No. 20-cv-1966 (E.D.N.Y. Apr. 29, 2020);
  • Bratcher v. Allegiant Travel Co., No. 2:20-cv-00767 (D. Nev. Apr. 28, 2020);
  • Ward v. American Airlines, Inc., No. 20-cv-00371 (N.D. Tex. Apr. 22, 2020);
  • Snyder v. Grupo Aeromexico S.A.B. de C.V., No. 2:20-cv-03649 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Alvarez v. Hawaiian Airlines, Inc., No. 1-20-cv-00175 (D. Haw. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Daniels v. Delta Air Lines, Inc., No. 1:20-cv-01664 (N.D. Ga. Apr. 17, 2020);
  • Bombin v. Southwest Airlines Co., No. 20-cv-01883 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 13, 2020);
  • Levey v. Concesionaria Vuela Compania de Aviacion, No. 1:20-cv-02215 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 8, 2020);
  • Utley v. United Airlines Holdings, Inc., No. 1:20-cv-00756 (N.D. Ohio Apr. 7, 2020); Rudolph v. United Airlines Holdings, Inc., No. 20-cv-02142 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 6, 2020).

Cases filed to date against non-airline travel companies seeking the refund of payments for cancelled itineraries based on breach of contract, consumer protection, and other theories include:

  • Tirozzi v. Lakeland Tours, LLC, No. 20-cv-30065 (D. Mass. Apr. 30, 2020) (pre-paid trip);
  • Sides v. Global Travel Alliance, Inc., No. 1_20-cv-00053 (D. Mont. Apr. 24, 2020) (educational tours);
  • Mitchell v. NurseCon at Sea LLC, No. 1:20-cv-21503 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 8, 2020) (cruise);
  • Douglas v. EF Inst. for Cultural Exch., Inc., No. 37-2020-00013374 (Cal. Super. Ct. Mar. 11, 2020); Grabovsky v. EF Inst. for Cultural Exch., No. 20-cv-00508 (S.D. Cal. Mar. 17, 2020) (educational tours).

Event Cancellation

Cases filed to date against event and ticketing companies seeking the refund of payments for sporting, music, theater, and other cultural events based on breach of contract, consumer protection, and other theories include:

  • Ellenwood v. World Triathalon Corp., No. 20-cv-01182 (M.D. Fla. May 22, 2020);
  • Reynolds v. StubHub, Inc., No. 20-cv-03508 (S.D.N.Y. May 5, 2020); Kopfmann v. StubHub, Inc., No. 20-cv-03025 (N.D. Cal. May 1, 2020); Alcaraz v. StubHub, Inc., No. 3:20-cv-02595 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 14, 2020); McMillan v StubHub, No. 20-cv-00319 (W.D. Wis. Apr. 2, 2020);
  • Wallach v. Houston Astros, LLC, No. 2020-10637 (Tex. Dist. Ct. May 4, 2020);
  • Bromley v. SXSW, LLC, No. 1:20-cv-439 (W.D. Tex. Apr. 24, 2020);
  • Trader v. SeatGeek, Inc., No. 20-cv-03248 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 24, 2020);
  • Tezak v. Live Nation Entm’t, Inc., No. 20-cv-02482 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Nellis v. Vivid Seats LTD, No. 20-cv-02486 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Ajzenman v. Office of the Comm’r of Baseball, No. 2:20-cv-03643 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Hansen v. Ticketmaster Entm’t, Inc., No. 3:20-cv-02685 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 17, 2020);
  • Nesis v. Do Lab, Inc., No. 2:20-cv-03452 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 14, 2020); Rutledge v. Do LaB Inc., (Cal. Super. Ct. Mar. 24, 2020).

Memberships, Services, and Subscriptions

Cases filed to date against fitness clubs, ski resorts, amusement parks, and other organizations seeking the refund of season passes and membership fees based on breach of contract, consumer protection, and other theories include:

  • DiPirro v. Vail Resorts, Inc., No. 20-cv-01468 (D. Colo. May 22, 2020); Gasman v. Vail Corp., No. 20-cv-01475 (D. Colo. May 22, 2020); Rarick v. Vail Corp., No. 20-cv-01364 (D. Colo. May 13, 2020); McAuliffe v. Vail Corp., No. 1:20-cv-01176 (D. Colo. Apr. 27, 2020);  Clarke v. Vail Corp., No. 1:20-cv-01163 (D. Colo. Apr. 24, 2020); Faydenko v. Vail Resorts, Inc., No. 20-cv-01134 (D. Colo. Apr. 22, 2020); Han v. Vail Resorts, Inc., No. 20-cv-01121 (D. Colo. Apr. 21, 2020); Hunt v. Vail Corp., No. 4:20-cv-02463 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 10, 2020) (ski resort);
  • Hong v. Clubcorp USA, Inc., No. 20-cv-01310 (N.D. Tex. May 19, 2020) (private club membership);
  • Bradley v. United Specialty Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-520 (E.D. Ark. May 18, 2020) (insured ski passes)
  • Vodden v. WW International, Inc., No. 20-cv-03856 (S.D.N.Y. May 18, 2020) (nutritional program);
  • Muller v. Durham School Services, L.P., No. 20-cv-05813 (D.N.J. May 12, 2020) (bussing services);
  • Kouball v. Seaworld Parks & Entertainment, Inc., No. 20-cv-00870 (S.D. Cal. May 8, 2020);
  • Werner v. Alterra Mountain Co., No. 20-cv-01254 (D. Colo. May 5, 2020); Farmer v. Alterra Mountain Co., No. 1:20-cv-01175 (D. Colo. Apr. 27, 2020); Eckert v. Alterra Mountain Co., No. 1:20-cv-01158 (D. Colo. Apr. 24, 2020) (ski resort);
  • Williams v. 24 Hour Fitness USA, Inc., No. 20-cv-03096 (N.D. Cal. May 5, 2020); Labib v. 24 Hour Fitness USA, No. 3:20-cv-02134 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 27, 2020) (fitness club);
  • Holloway v. Planet Fitness Franchising LLC, No. 1:20-cv-01868 (N.D. Ga. Apr. 30, 2020) (fitness club);
  • Cuenco v. Clubcorp USA, Inc., No. 20-cv-00744 (S.D. Cal. Apr. 23, 2020) (private club);
  • Danforth v. Town Sports International, LLC, No. 7:20-cv-03195 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 22, 2020) (fitness club);
  • McConnell v. Six Flags Entertainment Corp., No. 20-cv-03665 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 21, 2020) (amusement park);
  • Hunt v. Fitness Evolution Inc., No. 4:20-cv-02461 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 10, 2020) (fitness club);
  • Rezai-Hariri v. Magic Mountain LLC, No. 20-cv-00716 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 10, 2020) (ski resort);
  • Delvecchio v. Boston Sports Clubs, No. 20-cv-10666 (D. Mass. Apr. 5, 2020) (fitness club);
  • Jampol v. Blink Holdings, No. 20-cv-02760 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 2, 2020) (fitness club);
  • Carisi v. Events and Adventures California, No. 3:20-cv-02260 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 2, 2020) (dating service);
  • Barnett v. Fitness International, LLC, No. 0:20-cv-60658 (S.D. Fla. Mar. 30, 2020) (fitness club);
  • Namorato v. New York Sports Clubs, No. 20-cv-02580 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 26, 2020) (fitness club).

Government and Civil Rights

Governments and public officials may face a higher risk of class action litigation based on their response to COVID-19 and handling of prison inmates and detainees.

Prisoner and Detainee Release

Cases filed to date against corrections facilities seeking habeas corpus and other constitutional relief for prisoners and immigration detainees based on the risk of exposure to COVID-19 include:

  • Torres v. Milusnic, No. 20-cv-04450 (C.D. Cal. May 16, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Wilson v. Ponce, No. 20-cv-04451 (C.D. Cal. May 16, 2020) (prisoners);
  • J.H. v. Edwards, No. 20-cv-00293 (M.D. La. May 14, 2020) (juvenile prisoners);
  • Lucero-Gonzales v. Kline, No. 20-cv-00901 (D. Az. May 8, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Russel v. Wayne County, Michigan, No. 20-cv-11094 (E.D. Mich. May 4, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Wragg v. Ortiz, No. 20-cv-05496 (D.N.J. May 4, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Gottlieb v. Lamont, No. 20-cv-00623 (D. Conn. May 6, 2020) (challenging government’s decision to require in-person ballots for primaries and general elections); McPherson v. Lamont, No. 20-cv-534 (D. Conn. April 20, 2020) (prisoners); Wilkes v. Lamont, No. 20-cv-00594 (D. Conn. Apr. 30, 2020) (patients committed to psychiatric facility);
  • Swain v. Junior, No. 20-cv-21457 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 4, 2020) (prisoners) (the court granted the request for preliminary injunction, which the defendant appealed to the Eleventh Circuit on Apr. 30, 2020, No. 20-11622).
  • Fernandez-Rodriguez v. Licon-Vitale, No. 1:20-cv-03315 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 28, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Martinez-Brooks v. Easter, No. 3:20-cv-00569 (D. Conn. Apr. 27, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Cullors v. County of Los Angeles, No. 20-cv-03760 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 24, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Voltz-Loomis v. McMaster, No. 20-cv-01533 (D.S.C. Apr. 21, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Frazier v. Kelley, No. 4:20-cv-00434 (E.D. Ark. Apr. 21, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Seth v. McDonough, No. 8:20-cv-01028 (D. Md. Apr. 21, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Baez v. McDonald, No. 20-cv-10753 (D. Mass. Apr. 17, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Novoa v. The GEO Group, Inc., No. 5:17-cv-02514 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 16, 2020) (prisoners and detainees);
  • Grinis v. Spaulding, No. 1:20-cv-10738 (D. Mass. Apr. 15, 2020) (prisoners and detainees);
  • Hernandez Roman v. Wolf, No. 20-cv-00768 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 13, 2020) (detainees);
  • Wilson v. Williams, No. 20-cv-00794 (N.D. Ohio Apr. 13, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Barnes v. Jeffreys, No. 20-cv-02137 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 5, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Mays v. Dart, No. 1:20-cv-2134 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 3, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Sanchez v. Dallas County Sheriff Marian Brown; No. 20-cv-00832 (N.D. Texas Apr. 9, 2020) (prisoners);
  • Hope v. Doll, No. 20-cv-00562 (M.D. Pa. Apr. 3, 2020) (detainees)
    • The court granted the request for preliminary injunction on April 7, 2020. The government appealed this decision on April 10, 2020.
  • National Immigration Project of the National Lawyers Guild v. Executive Office of Immigration Review, No. 1:20-cv-00852 (D.D.C. Mar. 30, 2020) (detainees);
  • Valentine v. Collier, No. 4:20-cv-01115 (S.D. Tex. Mar. 30, 2020) (prisoners and detainees);
  • Savino v. Hodgson, No. 1:20-cv-10617 (D. Mass. Mar. 27, 2020) (prisoners and detainees);
  • Nellson v. Barnhart, No. 1:20-cv-00756 (D. Colo. Mar. 18, 2020) (prisoners and detainees);
  • Dawson v. Asher, No. 20-civ-0409JLR (W.D. Wash. Mar. 16, 2020) (prisoners and detainees).

State and Federal Executive Orders and Government Actions

Cases filed to date against federal and state governments asserting civil rights and constitutional claims based on executive orders and other actions in response to COVID-19 include:

  • Hall v. U.S. Dep’t of Agriculture, No. 20-cv-03454 (N.D. Cal. May 21, 2020) (challenging the USDA’s interpretation of the Families First Act);
  • Devine v. Sununu, No. 218-2020-cv-00602 (N.H. Super. Cut. May 22, 2020) (asserting constitutional claims based on the state’s allegedly inadequate implementation of remote learning procedures);
  • F Four, LLC v. Page, No. 20-cv-00656 (E.D. Mo. May 18, 2020) (challenging county order causing business closures during the pandemic);
  • The Local Spot, Inc. v. Lee, No. 20-cv-00421 (M.D. Tenn. May 18, 2020) (challenging travel restrictions and state orders causing business closures during the pandemic);
  • Blackburn v. Dare County, No. 20-cv-00027 (E.D.N.C. May 15, 2020) (challenging county orders prohibiting entry of non-resident landowners);
  • TD’s Western Wear and Tack, LLC v. Tennessee, No. 20-cv-00206 (E.D. Tenn. May 13, 2020) (challenging state executive orders directing business closures during the pandemic);
  • Fugazi v. Padilla, No. 20-at-00467 (E.D. Cal. May 12, 2020) (challenging the county’s treatment of mail-in-ballots and voting procedures during the pandemic);
  • Omnistone Corp. v. Cuomo, No. 20-cv-02153 (E.D.N.Y. May 12, 2020) (challenging state executive orders causing closure of businesses);
  • Ramsek v. Beshear, No. 20-cv-00036 (E.D. Ky. May 10, 2020) (challenging state executive orders limiting mass gatherings during the pandemic);
  • Michie v. Newsom, No. 20-cv-4213 (C.D. Cal. May 8, 2020) (challenging the state executive order and state actions curtailing rent payments during the pandemic);
  • Does v. Trump, No. 20-cv-00704 (E.D. Wis. May 8, 2020); Doe v. Trump, No. 20-cv-858 (C.D. Cal. May 6, 2020); Doe v. Trump, No. 20-cv-00430 (W.D. Wis. May 6, 2020); Doe v. Trump, No. 1:20-cv-02531 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 24, 2020) (alleged discriminatory purpose and intent in implementing the CARES Act);
  • Spell v. Edwards, No. 20-cv-00282 (M.D. La. May 7, 2020) (challenging state executive orders limiting mass gatherings during the pandemic);
  • Power Coalition for Equity & Justice v. Edwards, No. 20-cv-00283 (M.D. La. May 7, 2020) (challenging the state’s restrictions on absentee voting during the pandemic);
  • R.V. v. Mnuchin, No. 20-cv-01148 (D. Md. May 5, 2020) (alleging discriminatory intent in implementing the CARES Act by excluding U.S. children who have undocumented immigrants as parents);
  • Benner v. Wolf, No. 20-cv-00775 (M.D. Pa. May 11, 2020); Paradise Concepts, Inc. v. Wolf, No. 20-cv-02161 (E.D. Pa. May 5, 2020) (challenging the Pennsylvania government’s policy of denying waivers for companies that are required to be shut down by COVID-19 executive orders);
  • Simon v. City of Knoxville, No. 20-cv-00197 (E.D. Tenn. May 5, 2020) (challenging city orders requiring the closure of businesses during the pandemic);
  • Carranza v. United States Immigration & Customs Enforcement, No. 20-cv-424 (D.N.M. May 4, 2020) (seeks relief for alleged violations of constitutional and statutory rights of detainees facing pending immigration proceedings).
  • Frank v. City of St. Louis, No. 20-cv-00597 (E.D. Mo. May 1, 2020) (seeks relief for unsheltered individuals threatened with punishment under stay at home orders);
  • Barber v. DeVos, No. 20-cv-01137 (D.D.C. Apr. 30, 2020) (seeks compliance with student loan wage garnishment suspension directive of the CARES act);
  • Martinez v. Cuomo, No. 20-cv-03338 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 29, 2020) (challenging accessibility of government briefings for the hearing impaired under the ADA);
  • Yang v. New York State Board of Elections, No. 20-cv-03325 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 28, 2020) (seeking damages as well as injunctive and declaratory relief for the cancellation of the New York Democratic Presidential Primary);
  • Gill v. Pa. Dep’t of Health, No. 2:20-cv-02038 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 28, 2020) (alleged failure to complete ADA inspections of long term care facilities during the pandemic);
  • Lighthouse Fellowship Church v. Northam, 20-cv-00204 (E.D. Va. Apr. 24, 2020) (challenging state executive orders related to the pandemic and their impact on worship services);
  • Infinity Consulting Group, LLC v. United States, No. 20-cv-00981 (D. Md. Apr. 17, 2020) (alleged discriminatory purpose and intent in implementing the CARES Act);
  • Maryville Baptist Church, Inc. v. Beshear, No. 20-cv-00278 (W.D. Ky. Apr. 17, 2020) (challenging state executive order limiting worship services);
  • Jani-King International, Inc. v. U.S. Small Business Administration, No. 20-cv-00989 (D.D.C. Apr. 15, 2020) (alleging improper implementation of the Paycheck Protection Program);
  • Beemer v. Whitmer, No. 1:20-cv-00323 (W.D. Mich. Apr. 15, 2020) (challenging the state stay-at-home order as a violation of fundamental rights);
  • Roberts v. Neace, No. 20-cv-00054 (E.D. Ky. Apr 14, 2020) (challenging the state stay-at-home order as a violation of fundamental rights);
  • CommCan, Inc. v. Baker (Mass. Super. Ct. No. 2084CV00808, Apr. 8, 2020) (challenging classification of recreational marijuana stores as non-essential);
  • Stafford v. Baker, No. 5_20-cv-00123 (E.D.N.C. Mar. 27, 2020) (challenging an executive order limiting the number of gun permits issued during the pandemic);
  • Schulmerich Bells, LLC v. Wolf, No. 2:20-cv-01637 (E.D. Pa. Mar. 26, 2020) (challenging closure orders for failure to compensate for diminution of value in property interests).

Foreign Government and NGO Actions

Cases filed to date against foreign governments and international non-governmental organizations based on their response to the COVID-19 pandemic include:

  • Patella v. People’s Republic of China, No. 20-cv-00433 (M.D.N.C. May 15, 2020) (asserts claims of negligence and fraud for failure to contain the virus);
  • Edwards v. People’s Republic of China, No. 20-cv-01393 (E.D. La. May 8, 2020) (asserts claims of negligence and fraud for failure to contain the virus);
  • Benitez-White v. People’s Republic of China, No. 20-cv-01562 (S.D. Tex. May 3, 2020) (asserts claims for wrongful death, personal injury, gross negligence, and unjust enrichment based on allegations the COVID-19 virus originated from the Wuhan Biosafety Level 4 lab);
  • Kling v. World Health Org., No. 7:20-cv-03124 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 20, 2020) (asserts claims of negligence for the WHO’s alleged failure in containing the COVID-19 virus and in failing to timely declare the crisis a public health emergency);
  • Smith v. People’s Republic of China, No. 20-cv-01958 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 20, 2020) (asserts claims of negligence and reckless indifference for failure to contain the virus);
  • Aharon v. Chinese Communist Party, No. 9:20-cv-80604 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 7, 2020) (alleging that China has been stockpiling personal protective equipment during the COVID-19 crisis);
  • Bella Vista LLC et al. v. People’s Republic of China et al., No. 2:20-cv-00574 (D. Nev. Mar. 23 2020); Alters et al. v. People’s Republic of China et al., No. 1:20-cv-21108-UU (S.D. Fla. Mar. 12, 2020) (assert claims by small businesses for negligence, strict liability, and public nuisance against Chinese government entities and ministries for failing to take appropriate actions to stem the spread of the coronavirus).

Healthcare Providers and Nursing Facilities

Hospitals, healthcare providers and nursing and residential care facilities may face class action litigation based in contract or tort relating to their response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Unless states have laws or orders limiting civil liability, these entities are potentially at risk of class action litigation.

  • The following states have enacted legislation or executive orders to shield healthcare providers from civil liability arising from the pandemic: Connecticut; Illinois; Massachusetts; Michigan; New Jersey; New York. The Pennsylvania legislature rejected similar legislation.  

Insurance

Insurers face heightened class action litigation risk as insured businesses encounter disruptions and look to their policies for relief and healthcare providers and health insurance subscribers seek coverage for COVID-19 treatments. Cases filed to date asserting breach of contract and declaratory judgment claims against insurers for failure to cover losses from forced business closures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and state executive orders include:

  • Ambrosia Restaurant, No. 20-cv-00771 (E.D. Wis. May 21, 2020); Roscoe Same LLC v. Society Ins., No. 1:20-cv-02641 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 30, 2020); JDS 1455, Inc. d/b/a/ West on North v. Society Ins., No. 1:20-cv-02546 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 24, 2020); Biscuit Café Inc. v. Society Ins., No. 20-cv-02514 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 23, 2020); Rising Dough Inc. v. Society Ins., No. 2-20-cv-00623 (E.D. Wis. Apr. 17, 2020); Billy Goat Tavern I v. Society Ins., No. 1:20-cv-02068 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 31, 2020);
  • Bulldog Yoga Holdings LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-02358 (E.D. Pa. May 20, 2020); Saucy Brew Works LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. CV 20 932532 (Ohio Comm. Pleas May 12, 2020); Homestate Seafood LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00649 (N.D. Ala. May 8, 2020); Derek Scott Williams PLLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-02806 (N.D. Ill. May 8, 2020); Taste of Belgium LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00357 (S.D. Ohio May 5, 2020); St. Julian Wine Co., Inc. v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00374 (W.D. Mich. Apr. 30, 2020); Studio 417, Inc. v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 6_20-cv-03127 (W.D. Mo. Apr. 27, 2020); Milkboy Center City LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 2:20-cv-02036 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 27, 2020); Grand Street Dining, LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00330 (W.D. Mo. Apr. 23, 2020); Milkboy Center City LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 2:20-cv-02036 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 27, 2020); Grand Street Dining, LLC v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00330 (W.D. Mo. Apr. 23, 2020); Promotional Headwear Int’l v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 2_20-cv-02211 (D. Kan. Apr. 24, 2020); Troy Stacy Enters. Inc. v. Cincinnati Ins. Co., No. 1:20-cv-00312 (S.D. Ohio Apr. 19, 2020);
  • Independence Beer Garden v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s London, No. 20-cv-02365 (E.D. Penn. May 20, 2020); 632 Metacom Inc. v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s London, No. 20-cv-03905 (S.D.N.Y. May 19, 2020); Fire Island Retreat v. Lloyd’s of London, No. 20-cv-02312 (E.D. Pa. May 15, 2020); Sun Cuisine, LLC v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s London, No. 1:20-cv-21827 (S.D. Fla. May 1, 2020); Town Kitchen, LLC v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s London, No. 106527294 (Fla. Cir. Ct. Apr. 21, 2020); Gio Pizzeria & Bar Hospitality, LLC v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s London, No. 20-cv-03107 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 17, 2020); SA Palm Beach LLC v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s London, No. 20-cv-80677 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 22, 2020);
  • Club 31 Sports Bar & Lounge, LLC v. Mesa Underwriters Specialty Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00397 (W.D. Mo. May 18, 2020);
  • Crossroads Investments, LLC v. Philadelphia Indemnity Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-02329 (E.D. Pa. May 18, 2020);
  • Broadway 104, LLC v. AXA Financial, Inc., No. 20-cv-03813 (S.D.N.Y. May 15, 2020);
  • Colby Restaurant Group., Inc. v. Utica Nat’l Ins. Group, No. 20-cv-05927 (D.N.J. May 15, 2020); Slate Hill Daycare Center Inc. v. Utica Nat’l Ins. Group, No. 20-cv-03565 (S.D.N.Y. May 7, 2020);
  • Ital Uomo of N.Y., Inc. v. Starr Indemnity & Liability Co., No. 20-cv-02209 (E.D.N.Y. May 15, 2020);
  • Holloman v. Bankers Ins. Group, Inc., No. 20-002399-CI (Fla. Cir. Ct. May 15, 2020);
  • Hirbox H. Rowshan DDS, P.S. v. Ohio Security Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00730 (W.D. Wa. May 14, 2020);
  • Starjem Restaurant Corp. v. Liberty Mut. Ins., No. 20-cv-03672 (S.D.N.Y. May 12, 2020); Biltrite Furniture, Inc. v. Liberty Mut. Ins., No. 20-cv-656 (E.D. Wis. Apr. 24, 2020); Torre Rossa LLC v. Liberty Mut. Ins., No. CV-20-931885 (Ohio Comm. Pleas Apr. 15, 2020);
  • Cascadia Dental Specialists, Inc. v. Am. Fire and Caus. Co., No. 20-cv-00732 (W.D. Wa. May 14, 2020);
  • Deoleo v. U.S. Liability Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-02301 (E.D. Pa. May 14, 2020);
  • Robert Levy, D.M.D., LLC v. Hartford Cas. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00643 (E.D. Mo. May 14, 2020); Milton v. Hartford Cas. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00640 (D. Conn. May 8, 2020); Eye Care Center of N.J.. PA v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 20-cv-05743 (D.N.J. May 8, 2020); Johnson v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 20-cv-02000 (N.D. Ga. May 8, 2020); Rinnigade Art Works v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 20-cv-10867 (D. Mass. May 7, 2020); Red Apple Dental PC v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 20-cv-03549 (S.D.N.Y. May 06, 2020); Hair Studio 1208, LLC v. Hartford Underwriters Ins. Co., No. 20-cv0-02171 (E.D. Pa. May 5, 2020); Food for Thought Caterers Corp. v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 20-cv-03418 (S.D.N.Y. May 1, 2020); Pigment, Inc. v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 3:20-cv-00794 (S.D. Cal. Apr. 28, 2020); GCDC LLC v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 1:20-cv-01094 (D.D.C. Apr. 27, 2020); Lansdale 329 Prop, LLC v. Hartford Underwriters Ins. Co., No. 2:20-cv-02034 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 27, 2020); SA Hospitality Group, LLC v. Hartford Fin. Servs. Grp., Inc., No. 20-cv-03258 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 24, 2020); Chorak v. Hartford Casualty Ins. Co., No. 2:20-cv-00627 (W.D. Wash. Apr. 24, 2020);
  • Menns Inc. v. Erie Ins. Ex., No. 20-cv-2875 (N.D. Ill. May 14, 2020); Geneva Foreign & Sports, Inc. v. Erie Ins. Co. of N.Y., No. 1:20-cv-00093 (W.D. Pa. Apr. 29, 2020); PGB Restaurant, Inc. v. Erie Ins. Co., No. 1-20-cv-02403 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 19, 2020);
  • Sero, Inc. v. Berkley North Pacific Grp., LLC, No. 20-cv-00776 (D. Ore. May 13, 2020);
  • Blue Springs Dental Care LLC v. Owners Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-383 (W.D. Mo. May 13, 2020);
  • Raven and the Bow LLC v. First Mercury Ins., No. 20-cv-03264 (N.D. Cal. May 13, 2020);
  • Karla Aylen, DDS PLLC v. Aspen Am. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00717 (W.D. Wa. May 13, 2020); Marler v. Aspen Am. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00616 (W.D. Wa. Apr. 22, 2020); Mikkelson v. Aspen Am. Ins. Co., No. 3:20-cv-05378 (W.D. Wash. Apr. 20, 2020); Christie Jo Berkseth-Rojas v. Aspen Am. Ins. Co., No. 3:20-cv-00948 (N.D. Tex. Apr. 17, 2020);
  • Kahn v. Pa. Nat’l Mut. Cas. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00781 (M.D. Pa. May 12, 2020);
  • Paradigm Care & Enrichment Center, LLC v. West Bend Mut. Ins. Co., 20-cv-00720 (E.D. Wis. May 12, 2020);
  • Glow Medispa LLC v. Sentinel Ins. Co., Ltd., No. 20-cv-00712 (W.D. Wa. May 12, 2020); One40 Beauty Lounge LLC v. Sentinel Ins. Co., Ltd., No. 20-cv-00643 (D. Conn. May 8, 2020); Lee v. Sentinel Ins. Co., No. 3_20-cv-05422 (W.D. Wash. May 4, 2020); Lina Kim, DDS, P.S. v. Sentinel Ins. Co., Ltd., No. 20-cv-00657 (W.D. Wash. Apr. 30, 2020); Prato v. Sentinel Ins. Co., Ltd., No. 3:20-cv-05402 (W.D. Wash. Apr. 29, 2020); Hair Perfect, Int’l, Inc. v. Sentinel Ins. Co. Ltd., No. 20-cv-03729 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Carlos O. Caballero DDS, MS, PS v. Mass. Bay Ins., No. 20-cv-05437 (W.D. Wa. May 8, 2020);
  • Drama Camp Productions, Inc. v. Mt. Hawley Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00266 (S.D. Ala. May 8, 2020);
  • Cosmetic Laser, Inc. v. Twin City Fire Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00638 (D. Conn. May 8, 2020);
  • Real Hospitality, LLC v. Travelers Casualty Ins. Co. of Am., No. 20-cv-00087 (S.D. Miss. May 8, 2020); J.G. Optical, Inc. v. Travelers Cos., Inc., No. 20-cv-05744 (D.N.J. May 8, 2020); Fox v. Travelers Casualty Ins. Co. of Am., No. 20-cv-0059 (W.D. Wa. Apr. 21, 2020); Nguyen v. Travelers Casualty Ins. Co. of Am., No. 20-cv-00597 (W.D. Wa. Apr. 21, 2020);
  • Big Tomato LLC v. State Auto Property & Casualty Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00086 (S.D. Miss. May 8, 2020); Young Blood Coffee Roasters, LLC v. State Auto Property & Casualty Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-01076 (D. Minn. May 4, 2020);
  • Image Dental, LLC v. Citizens Ins. Co. of Am., No. 20-cv-02759 (N.D. Ill. May 6, 2020);
  • The Hair Place v. IMT Insurance Company, No. 20-cv-01102 (D. Minn. May 06, 2020);
  • Nue Seattle v. Oregon Mut. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00676 (W.D. Wa. May 5, 2020);
  • Royal Palm Optical, Inc. v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-80749 (S.D. Fla. May 5, 2020);
  • Beniak Enterprises, Inc. v. Chubb Ltd., No. 20-cv-05536 (D.N.J. May 5, 2020); Truhaven Enters. Inc. v. Chubb Ltd., No. 2:20-cv-04586 (D.N.J. Apr. 20, 2020); Café Int’l Holding Co. LLC v. Chubb Ltd., No. 1-20-cv-21641 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Pappy’s Barber Shops, Inc. v. Farmer’s Group Inc., No. 20-cv-00907 (S.D. Cal. May 14, 2020); Kingray Inc. v. Farmers Group Inc., No. 20-cv-00963 (C.D. Cal. May 4, 2020);
  • JDL Inc. v. Valley Forge Ins. Co., No. 1:20-cv-02681 (N.D. Ill. May 4, 2020);
  • Coates v. Foremost Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00383 (W.D. Mich. May 4, 2020);
  • Nixon v. Generali US Branch, No. 20-cv-02670 (N.D. Ill. May 2, 2020) (travel insurance);
  • GV KB Store LLC v. Scottsdale Ins. Co., No. 1:20-cv-21815 (S.D. Fla. May 1, 2020);
  • BBMS, LLC v. Continental Casualty Co., No. 20-cv-00353 (W.D. Mo. May 1, 2020);
  • Big Red Management Corp. v. Zurich Am. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-02113 (E.D. Pa. May 1, 2020);
  • Germack v. Dentists Ins. Co., No. 2:20-cv-00661 (W.D. Wash. Apr. 30, 2020);
  • O’Brien Sales & Marketing, Inc. v. Transportation Ins. Co., No. 4:20-cv-02951 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 29, 2020);
  • Alliance Radiology, P.A. v. CAN Financial Corp., No. 20-cv-02218 (D. Kan. Apr. 29, 2020);
  • N&S Restaurant, LLC v. Cumberland Mutual Fire Ins. Co., No. 1:20-cv-05289 (D.N.J. Apr. 29, 2020);
  • Camp 1382 LLC v. Lancer Ins. Co., No. 1:20-cv-03336 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 29, 2020);
  • Project Lion LLC v. Badger Mutual Ins. Co., No. 2:20-cv-00768 (D. Nev. Apr. 28, 2020);
  • Atma Beauty, Inc. v. HDI Global Specialty SE, Docket no. 1:20-cv-21745 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 27, 2020);
  • Zwillo V, Corp. v. Lexington Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-339 (W.D. Mo. Apr. 27, 2020);
  • Equity Planning Corp. v. Westfield Ins. Co., No. CV 20 932122 (Ohio Comm. Pleas Apr. 27, 2020);
  • Dino Palmieri Salons, Inc., v. State Automobile Mutual Ins. Co., No. CV 20 932117 (Ohio Comm. Pleas Apr. 26, 2020);
  • Egg Works Holding Co., LLC v. Acuity, No. 2_20-cv-00748 (D. Nev. Apr. 25, 2020);
  • Egg and I, LLC v. U.S. Specialty Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00747 (D. Nev. Apr. 24, 2020);
  • Windber Hospital v. Travelers Property Casualty Co. of Am., No. 20-cv-00080 (W.D. Pa. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Pacific Endodontics, P.S. v. The Ohio Casualty Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00620 (W.D. Wa. Apr. 23, 2020);
  • Stan’s Bar-B-Q LLC v. Charter Oak Fire Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00613 (W.D. Wa. Apr. 22, 2020);
  • Border Chicken AZ LLC v. Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-00785 (D. Az. Apr. 22, 2020);
  • The K’s Inc. v. Westchester Surplus Lines Ins. Co., No. 20-cv-01724 (N.D. Ga. Apr. 22, 2010);
  • In re COVID-19 Business Interruption Protection Insurance Litigation, No. 2942 (U.S.J.P.M.L. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Café Plaza De Mesilla Inc. v. Continental Casualty Co., No. 20-cv-00354 (D.N.M. Apr. 20, 2020);
  • Dakota Ventures, LLC v. Or. Mut. Ins. Co., No. 3-20-cv-00630 (D. Or. Apr. 17, 2020);
  • Bridal Expressions LLC v. Owners Ins. Co., No. 1:20-cv-00833 (N.D. Ohio Apr. 17, 2020);

Privacy and Cybersecurity

Companies are facing privacy and cybersecurity claims by employers and consumers based on the collection, use, and disclosure of personal information and the unauthorized access by third parties in data security incidents. Cases filed to date include:

  • Culbertson v. Deloitte Consulting LLP, No. 20-cv-03962 (S.D.N.Y. May 21, 2020) (asserts claims of negligence, breach of implied contract, and invasion of privacy for alleged failure to protect personally identifiable information of unemployment applicants);
  • St. Paulus Lutheran Church v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 20-cv-03252 (N.D. Cal. May 13, 2020); Kirpekar v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-03042 (N.D. Cal. May 4, 2020); Buxbaum v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-02939 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 29, 2020); Simins v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-02893 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 27, 2020); Greenbaum v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-02861 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 24, 2020); Henry v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-02691 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 17, 2020); Jimenez v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-02591 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 14, 2020); Hurvitz v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 2:20-cv-03400 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 13, 2020); Kondrat v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-02520 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 13, 2020); Ohlweiler v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 20-cv-03281 (C.D. Cal. Apr. 3, 2020); Cullen v. Zoom Video Comms., Inc., No. 20-cv-02155 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 30, 2020) (assert claims for consumer privacy, consumer fraud, negligence, invasion of privacy, and unjust enrichment based on the collection, misuse, and disclosure to third parties (including Facebook) of user information).
  • Sweeney v. Life of Air, Inc., No. 3:20-cv-00742 (S.D. Cal. Apr. 17, 2020) (asserts claims of negligence, consumer privacy, and breach of contract for collection and disclosure of personal information through the social networking app Houseparty).

Product Pricing, Marketing & Labeling

Manufacturers and sellers of products with medical, sanitation, and hygiene applications are facing class action claims related to the pricing, marketing and labeling of their products based on advertising and consumer protection laws. Cases filed to date include:

  • CO Craft, LLC v. Grubhub, Inc., No. 20-cv-01327 (D. Colo. May 11, 2020) (alleging that Grubhub uses a false advertising campaign to convince customers that their competitors’ restaurants are closed);
  • Miclaus v. Invention Submission Corp., No. 20-cv-00681 (W.D. Pa. May 7, 2020) (challenging the company’s alleged use of deceptive and fraudulent marketing to promote products during the pandemic).
  • Mercado v. eBay, Inc., No. 5:20-cv-03053 (N.D. Cal. May 4, 2020): asserts consumer protection and quasi-contract claims based on alleged price gouging of personal protective equipment and personal hygiene products.
  • McQueen v. Amazon.com, No. 20-cv-02782 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 21, 2020); Armas v. Amazon.com Inc., No. 104631782 (Cir. Ct. Fla. Mar. 10, 2020): assert claim for consumer fraud based on alleged price gouging of essential consumer products.
  • Bell v. Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., No. 1:20-cv-00461 (W.D. Tex. Apr. 30, 2020); Fraser v. Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., No. 20-cv-02733 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 20, 2020): asserts consumer protection claims for alleged price gouging of essential groceries.
  • Taslakian v. Target Co., 2:20-cv-2667 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 20, 2020): asserts claims for false advertising, consumer fraud, and misrepresentation based on claims about benefits of hand sanitizers.
  • Miller v. Gojo Indus., Inc., No. 4:20-cv-562 (N.D. Ohio Mar. 13, 2020); Jurkiewicz v. Gojo Indus., Inc., No. 5:20-cv-279 (N.D. Ohio Feb. 9, 2020); Gonzalez v. Gojo Indus., Inc., No. 1:20-cv-888 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 1, 2020); Marinovich v. Gojo Indus., Inc., No. 3:20-cv-747 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 31, 2020); Aleisa v. Gojo Indus., Inc., No. 2:20-cv-1045 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 31, 2020): assert claims for false advertising, consumer fraud, and misrepresentation based on claims about benefits of hand sanitizers.
  • David v. Vi-Jon, Inc. dba Germ-X, No. 3:20-cv-00424 (S.D. Cal. Mar. 5, 2020): asserts claims for false advertising, consumer fraud, and misrepresentation based on claims about benefits of hand sanitizers.

Shareholder and Securities Litigation

Public companies face class action claims by shareholders concerning statements and omissions concerning the impact of COVID-19 on their operations and performance. Cases filed to date include:

  • Hunter v. Elanco Animal Health Inc., No. 20-cv-01460 (S.D. Ind. May 20, 2020): asserts federal securities law claims based on allegedly false and misleading statements that minimized the effect of the pandemic on the company’s financial performance;
  • Yannes v. Scworx Corp., No. 1:20-cv-03349 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 29, 2020): asserts federal securities law claims based on allegedly false and misleading statements regarding a large deal to supply COVID-19 tests.
  • Banuelos v. Norwegian Cruise Lines, No. 20-cv-21685 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 22, 2020); Atachbarian v. Norwegian Cruise Lines, No. 1:20-cv-21386 (S.D. Fla. Mar 31, 2020); Douglas v. Norwegian Cruise Lines, No. 20-cv-21107 (S.D. Fla. Mar. 12, 2020): assert federal securities law claims based on allegedly false and misleading statements that minimized the health crisis and its impact on the company’s business.
  • Cedeno v. iAnthus Capital Holdings Inc., No. 20-cv-03513 (S.D.N.Y. May 5, 2020); Finch v. iAnthus Capital Holdings Inc., No. 1:20-cv-03135 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 20, 2020); Riback v. iAnthus Capital Holdings Inc., No. 1:20-cv-03044 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 15, 2020): asserts federal securities law claims based on a company alleged use of the COVID-19 crisis to improperly avoid making interest payments on its loans.
  • Brams v. Zoom Video Communications, Inc., No. 3:20-cv-02396 (N.D. Cal. Apr 8, 2020); Drieu v. Zoom Video Communications, Inc., No. 3:20-cv-02353 (N.D. Cal. Apr 7, 2020): assert federal securities law claims based on Zoom’s allegedly inadequate security and privacy measures, which were exposed by Zoom’s increased use during the pandemic.
  • McDermid v. Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc., No. 20-cv-01402 (E.D. Pa. Mar. 12, 2020): asserts federal securities law claims based on allegedly false and misleading statements about the development of a COVID-19 vaccine.
  • Douglas v. Norwegian Cruise Lines, No. 20-cv-21107 (S.D. Fla. Mar. 12, 2020): assets federal securities law claims based on allegedly false and misleading statements regarding business operations and projected performance of the company;

Transmission and Exacerbation of COVID-19

Plaintiffs have filed class actions alleging that businesses negligently promoted the spread of COVID-19 or hid information about the risks of COVID-19 transmission or complications. Cases filed to date include:

  • Schoengood v. Hofgur LLC, No. 20-cv-02022 (E.D.N.Y. May 4, 2020): alleging failure of a senior care facility to take adequate measures to protects its elderly and disabled residents.
  • Molchun v. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., No. 1_20-cv-21792 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 30, 2020): asserts admiralty and negligence claims for alleged failure to protect crew members of cruise from exposure to COVID-19.
  • Kantrow v. Celebrity Cruises Inc., No. 20-cv-21997 (S.D. Fla. May 13, 2020); Nedeltcheva v. Celebrity Cruises Inc., No. 20-cv-21569 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 14, 2020): asserts claims of negligence for alleged failure to protect crew members of cruise from exposure to COVID-19.
  • In re: Juul Labs, Inc. Marketing, Sales Practices & Products Liability Litigation, 19-md-2913 (Apr. 10, 2020): amends complaint to assert claims based on allegations that vaping product users are at greater risk of complications from COVID-19.
  • Archer v. Carnival Corporation, et al., No. 20-cv-02381 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 8, 2020): asserts claims including negligence and gross negligence based on an outbreak of COVID-10 on the Diamond Princess cruise ship.
  • Turner v. Costa Crociere SPA, No. 20-cv-21481 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 7, 2020): asserts claims including negligence and negligent and intentional infliction of emotional distress related to cruise line’s decision to embark on cruise despite allegedly knowing a passenger was showing symptoms of COVID-19.

Website, Digital, and Physical Accessibility

Companies are likely to face Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and other claims based on the ability of consumers with disabilities to access brick-and-mortar establishments governed by new health and safety standards and to understand their websites, mobile applications, and electronic platforms, especially as goods and services that were previously available at brick-and-mortar sites move to the internet.

  • J.P. ex rel. R.P. v. Educational Testing Services, No. 20-cv-04502 (C.D. Cal. May 19, 2020): asserting claims for damages and injunctive relief based on alleged inadequate access to Advanced Placement exams for high school students;
  • Lewis v. Pritzker, No. 20-cv-02836 (N.D. Ill. May 8, 2020): asserting claims under the ADA based on alleged discriminatory enforcement of health conditions exemptions to face mask requirements;
  • Winegard v. Johnson & Johnson, No. 20-cv-02132 (E.D.N.Y. May 11, 2020): asserting claims under the ADA based on alleged difficulty in access to products on website for the hard of hearing.